Direct and Indirect Speech Rules in Urdu PDF download learn Direct Indirect narration definition, rules, conversion, examples and exercise with Urdu Translation.
Direct speech is a report of the exact words used by a speaker or writer. for example She said, “I am watching a movie”.
A report on what someone else said or wrote without using that person’s exact words. for example She said that she was watching a movie.
Direct Speech Example Sentence:
He said to me, “I am going to Karachi.”
There are two parts of Direct Speech sentence.
He said to me.(Part 1)
I am going to Karachi.(part 2)
Reporting Speech (Part 1):
In first part we use subject, object and single comma(,).
Reported Speech (Part 2):
This part falls in inverted commas at both sides(” “).
Persons of Pronouns:
1. In Simple and Negative sentence
Said to > Told
Say to > Tell
2. In Interrogative Sentence
Said to > Asked
Say to > Ask
3. Sentence of Order, Advise or request
Said to > Ordered. Advised, requested.
4. Said to > Proposed
5. Sentence of joy, sorrow or wonder
Said to >Exclaimed with joy (خوشی)
Said to >Exclaimed with sorrow (افسوس)
Said to >Exclaimed with wonder (حیرت)