English Grammar

10 Kinds of Pronouns with Definition and Examples

10 Kinds of Pronouns with Definition and Examples

In English, a pronoun is a word that we use to replace or refer to a noun (a person, place, thing, or idea) that has been mentioned before in a sentence or conversation. Pronouns are very useful because they help us avoid repeating the same noun over and over again, making our speech and writing more natural and efficient. For example, She is going to the store,  in this sentence, “she” is a personal pronoun. It is used to refer to a female person who has been mentioned before or is clear from the context. Instead of repeating the person’s name, we use the pronoun “she” to make the sentence more concise.

List of pronouns:

  1. I
  2. You
  3. He
  4. She
  5. It
  6. We
  7. They
  8. Me
  9. Him
  10. Her

Examples of Pronouns in Sentences:

  1. I am going to the park to meet my friends.
  2. You should finish your homework before dinner.
  3. He is playing soccer in the backyard.
  4. She loves to read books in her free time.
  5. It is a sunny day outside.
  6. We are going to the beach this weekend.
  7. They are planning a surprise party for him.
  8. The teacher asked me to answer the question.
  9. I gave the ball to him to play with.
  10. She saw her friend at the park.

Why Pronouns are Important?

Pronouns allow us to replace nouns that have already been mentioned in a sentence or conversation, which helps to avoid repetition and make sentences more concise. By using pronouns, we can make sentences and paragraphs clearer and more coherent. They help establish connections between different parts of a text, making it easier for readers or listeners to follow the flow of ideas. Pronouns add variety to language usage and contribute to the fluency of speech and writing. Constantly repeating the same nouns in sentences would make communication monotonous and less engaging. Pronouns play a crucial role in ensuring subject-verb agreement. Using the correct pronouns with the appropriate verb form helps maintain grammatical accuracy. Pronouns allow for flexibility in sentence construction. They can be easily used in different grammatical roles (e.g., subject, object, possessive) without changing the overall sentence structure. Pronouns enable us to convey information economically, especially in conversations where time is limited. They help us get our message across more efficiently.

Noun Vs Pronoun:

Following are the main differences between nouns and Pronouns:

Noun Pronoun
  • Nouns are words that name people, places, things, or ideas.
  • Pronouns are words that replace nouns to avoid repetition in a sentence.
  • They can be either singular or plural.
  • They can be singular or plural.
  • Nouns can have possessive forms to show ownership.
  • Pronouns have different forms to show possession.
  • Examples: boy, house, dog, love
  • Examples: he, she, it, they
Noun vs Pronoun in English

Noun vs Pronoun in English

10 Kinds of Pronouns:

  1. Personal Pronouns
  2. Possessive Pronouns
  3. Reflexive Pronouns
  4. Demonstrative Pronouns
  5. Interrogative Pronouns
  6. Relative Pronouns
  7. Indefinite Pronouns
  8. Reciprocal Pronouns
  9. Intensive Pronouns
  10. Relative Possessive Pronouns

Each type of pronoun serves a different function and helps us communicate more effectively in English by replacing or referring to nouns in sentences.

  • Personal Pronouns

Personal pronouns are a type of pronoun used in the English language to refer to specific individuals or groups. They replace the names of people or things to make sentences shorter and less repetitive. Personal pronouns vary based on the person (first person, second person, third person), number (singular or plural), and gender (in some cases). Here are the most common personal pronouns:

First Person
  • I (singular)
  • We (plural)
Second Person
  • You (singular and plural)
Third Person
  • He (singular, masculine)
  • She (singular, feminine)
  • It (singular, neutral)
  • They (plural, can refer to any gender or both genders)


 Examples of personal pronouns:

  • I – Example: I am happy.
  • You – Example: You are my friend.
  • He – Example: He is tall.
  • She – Example: She is funny.
  • It – Example: It is a beautiful flower.
  • We – Example: We are going to the park.
  • They – Example: They are my classmates.
  • Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are a type of pronoun that show ownership or possession of something. They are used to replace possessive adjectives (such as “my,” “your,” “his,” “her,” “its,” “our,” and “their”) along with a noun. Possessive pronouns are more specific and stand alone without needing a noun after them. They demonstrate who owns or possesses something in a sentence. Here are the possessive pronouns:

  1. Mine – This book is mine.
  2. Yours – The red car is yours.
  3. His – The blue backpack is his.
  4. Hers – The pink dress is hers.
  5. Its – The cat is licking its paws.
  6. Ours – The house is ours.
  7. Theirs – The bikes are theirs.

In these examples, the possessive pronouns (mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs) are used to show ownership or possession without repeating the nouns they replace.

  • Reflexive Pronouns

Reflexive pronouns are words used to refer back to the subject of a sentence. They are used when the subject of a sentence and the object are the same person or thing. In simple terms, reflexive pronouns are like a “mirror” that reflects the action back to the subject. Here are the reflexive pronouns:

  1. Myself – I washed myself.
  2. Yourself – You should believe in yourself.
  3. Himself – He hurt himself while playing.
  4. Herself – She dressed herself for the party.
  5. Itself – The cat is cleaning itself.
  6. Ourselves – We cooked dinner ourselves.
  7. Yourselves – You need to challenge yourselves.
  8. Themselves – They enjoyed themselves at the amusement park.

In these examples, the reflexive pronouns (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves) are used to show that the action of the verb reflects back to the subject of the sentence.

  • Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative pronouns are words that point to or identify specific people, places, things, or ideas. They help us indicate which particular item or concept we are talking about in a sentence. In easy words, demonstrative pronouns help us “demonstrate” or show something without using its name. There are four demonstrative pronouns in English:

  1. This –  Example: This is my favorite book.
  2. That – Example: I want to buy that blue dress.
  3. These – Example: I love these beautiful flowers.
  4. Those – Example: I saw those birds in the sky.

In these examples, the demonstrative pronouns (this, that, these, those) help identify or indicate specific items or concepts without using their names.

  • Interrogative Pronouns

Interrogative pronouns are words we use in English to ask questions and gather information. They help us seek specific details about people or things. In easy words, interrogative pronouns are like “question words” that introduce questions. There are five main interrogative pronouns in English:

  1. Who – Example: Who is coming to the party?
  2. Whom – Example: Whom did you invite to the event?
  3. Whose – Example: Whose bag is this?
  4. Which – Example: Which color do you prefer?
  5. What – Example: What time is the meeting?

In these examples, the interrogative pronouns (who, whom, whose, which, what) introduce questions and help us gather specific information from others.

  • Relative Pronouns

Relative pronouns are words used in English to connect one part of a sentence to another and show the relationship between them. In easy words, they act as “bridge words” that link a clause or phrase to a noun or pronoun in a previous part of the sentence. Relative pronouns help avoid repetition and make our sentences more organized and cohesive. The most common relative pronouns are:

  1. Who – Example: The woman who is standing there is my teacher.
  2. Whom – Example: The person whom we met yesterday is coming to the party.
  3. Whose – Example: The student whose book was lost found it later.
  4. Which – Example: The car which was parked outside is mine.
  5. That – Example: The book that I am reading is fascinating.

In these examples, the relative pronouns (who, whom, whose, which, that) connect parts of the sentences and provide additional information about the nouns they relate to.

  • Indefinite Pronouns

Indefinite pronouns are words used in English to refer to non-specific people, things, or ideas. In easy words, they are like “general pronouns” that do not point to any particular individual or thing. Indefinite pronouns help us talk about a group of people or things without mentioning their specific names. They are often used when the exact identity is not known or not important. Here are some examples of indefinite pronouns:

  1. Someone – Someone is at the door.
  2. Something – I found something interesting in the park.
  3. Anybody – Is anybody there?
  4. Anything – I will do anything to help.
  5. Nobody – Nobody knows the answer.
  6. Nothing – There is nothing to worry about.
  7. Everybody – Everybody enjoyed the party.
  8. Everything – She packed everything for the trip.
  9. Anyone – Can anyone solve this problem?
  10. None – None of the students were absent.

In these examples, the indefinite pronouns (someone, something, anybody, anything, nobody, nothing, everybody, everything, anyone, none) are used to refer to unspecified people, things, or ideas.

  • Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal pronouns are words used in English to talk about actions that are done between two or more people. In easy words, they are like “mutual pronouns” that show actions happening back and forth among individuals. Reciprocal pronouns help us express that something is done or felt by each person towards the others in a group. The main reciprocal pronouns are:

  1. Each other – They love each other.
  2. One another – The team members support one another.

In these examples, the reciprocal pronouns (each other, one another) show that the action (love and support) is happening mutually between the individuals in the group.

  • Intensive Pronouns

Intensive pronouns are words used in English to add emphasis to a noun or pronoun in a sentence. In easy words, they are like “self-strengthening pronouns” that emphasize or intensify the subject of the sentence. Intensive pronouns are not necessary for the sentence’s meaning, but they provide extra emphasis to the subject. The intensive pronouns in English are the same as reflexive pronouns, but they have a different function and usage. The most common intensive pronouns are:

  1. Myself – I will do it myself.
  2. Yourself – You should believe in yourself.
  3. Himself – He himself finished the project.
  4. Herself – She herself painted the picture.
  5. Itself – The cat itself caught the mouse.
  6. Ourselves – We ourselves completed the task.
  7. Yourselves – You yourselves can solve the puzzle.
  8. Themselves – They themselves organized the event.

In these examples, the intensive pronouns (myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves) add emphasis to the subjects of the sentences, making them stand out and creating a stronger impact on the listener or reader.

  • Relative Possessive Pronouns

Relative possessive pronouns are words used in English to show possession and introduce relative clauses at the same time. In easy words, they are like “connecting pronouns” that link a relative clause to a noun and indicate ownership. These pronouns combine the functions of relative pronouns (connecting clauses) and possessive pronouns (showing possession). The main relative possessive pronouns in English are:

  1. Whose – Example: The woman whose car was stolen reported it to the police.
  2. Of which – Example: The book, the cover of which is torn, belongs to me.

In these examples, the relative possessive pronouns (whose, of which) connect the relative clause to the nouns (car, cover) and indicate ownership.

10 Kinds of Pronouns with Definition and Examples

10 Kinds of Pronouns with Definition and Examples

Pronoun Chart:

Pronoun Type Subject Object Possessive Adjective Possessive Pronoun Reflexive Intensive
1st Person I Me My Mine Myself Myself
2nd Person You You Your Yours Yourself Yourself
3rd Person He/She/It Him/Her/It His/Her/Its His/Hers/Its Himself/Herself/Itself Himself/Herself/Itself
1st Person (Plural) We Us Our Ours Ourselves Ourselves
2nd Person (Plural) You You Your Yours Yourselves Yourselves
3rd Person (Plural) They Them Their Theirs Themselves Themselves
pronoun chart in English with picture

pronoun chart in English with picture