English Grammar

Types of Articles with Examples in English

Types of Articles with Examples in English

Articles play a crucial role in English grammar, helping to define and specify nouns. In this blog post, we’ll learn the types of articles and provide clear examples for better understanding.

What are articles?

An article is a word that tells if the noun is general or specific. Articles work like adjectives, changing or describing a noun. There are two types: (indefinite) “a” and “an” for general things and (definite) “the” for specific ones.

Types of Articles with Examples in English

Types of Articles:

1.     Definite Articles:

“Definite” means being clear or exact about something. The word “the” is the definite article in English. It helps talk about specific things we know. When we use “the,” it means we’re talking about a particular thing or person that we recognize.


      • I saw the movie yesterday. (Referring to a specific movie known to the speaker and the listener.)

Examples Sentences:

  • The cat is sleeping on the
  • I need to buy the groceries after work.
  • Have you seen the keys to the car?
  • Let’s meet at the park for a picnic.
  • She wants to visit the museum downtown.
  • I’m reading a book; the book is very interesting.
  • We watched the movie everyone is talking about.
  • Can you pass me the salt, please?
  • We live near the
  • The sun is shining brightly today.

2.     Indefinite Articles:

Indefinite means not very clear or exact. Indefinite articles, like “a” and “an,” are used when we’re not talking about a specific thing. It’s like saying “any one of those things” without pointing to a particular one.


      • I saw a movie yesterday. (Referring to any movie, not a specific one.)
      • She has an interesting book. (Referring to any interesting book, not a specific one.)

The choice between “a” and “an” depends on the sound that follows the article. Use “a” before words that begin with a consonant sound, and use “an” before words that begin with a vowel sound.


  • I saw a cat. (Consonant sound)
  • She has an umbrella. (Vowel sound)

Examples Sentences:

  • I saw a cat in the garden.
  • She wants to buy a new dress.
  • Can I have a cookie from the jar?
  • He has an interesting book to read.
  • Let’s grab a cup of coffee after work.
  • I had an apple for breakfast.
  • She bought an umbrella because it was raining.
  • There is an interesting book on the shelf.
  • He wants an extra cookie.
  • Can you pass me an orange, please?

Nouns don’t use articles:

Certain nouns don’t usually use articles. Learning when this happens doesn’t follow a specific rule; you’ll pick it up as you go. Here are some common types:


  • Example: I learned Russian. She speaks Spanish and Portuguese.


  • Example: He plays football. We watched basketball on TV.

School Subjects:

  • Example: She likes math. He struggles with chemistry.


  • Example: Meghan lives with Ken. I gave a treat to Princess, my poodle.

Abstract Nouns:

  • Example: She moves with impressive speed. The professor spoke about communism in the lecture.

In these cases, you usually leave out words like “a,” “an,” or “the” before the noun.


  1. Which article is used before a singular, countable noun when it is mentioned for the first time?
    • A) a
    • B) an
    • C) the
    • D) none
  2. When do we use “an” instead of “a” before a noun?
    • A) Before a vowel sound
    • B) Before a consonant sound
    • C) Before any noun
    • D) It doesn’t matter
  3. What is the definite article in English?
    • A) a
    • B) an
    • C) the
    • D) some
  4. Which type of noun doesn’t typically use articles?
    • A) Proper nouns
    • B) Uncountable nouns
    • C) Plural nouns
    • D) All of the above
  5. In which sentence is the article used incorrectly?
    • A) I bought a new car yesterday.
    • B) She is an European citizen.
    • C) The sun rises in the east.
    • D) None of the above


  1. C) the
  2. A) Before a vowel sound
  3. C) the
  4. D) All of the above
  5. B) She is an European citizen.


Q1: What are the types of articles in English grammar?

The types of articles are indefinite articles, which include “a” and “an,” and the definite article, which is “the.”

2Q: When should I use “a” and “an” as indefinite articles?

Use “a” before words that start with a consonant sound and “an” before words that start with a vowel sound.

3Q: How does the definite article “the” differ from indefinite articles?

“The” is used when we refer to a specific or previously mentioned person, thing, or idea, while “a” and “an” are used for non-specific or general references.

Q4: Can you provide examples of sentences with indefinite articles?

Certainly! Examples include “I have a cat,” and “She bought an interesting magazine.”

Q5: Are there any exceptions to the rules for using articles?

Yes, some specific cases and expressions may not follow the usual rules. For instance, we say “an hour” because the “h” in “hour” is silent. Understanding these exceptions comes with practice and exposure to the language.


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